Kazakhstan’s parliament has passed amendments to its communications law
that would make it possible for bloggers to be jailed for their work and
online media to be shuttered, report Adil Soz, Reporters Without Borders
(RSF) and other concerned organisations.
One of the amendments to the Communication Law, adopted by parliament on 24
June, involves considering all informational websites as mass media,
including blogs and chats, thus subjecting the sites to being blocked if
deemed in violation of Kazakh law.
Publishing information from the foreign media on Kazakh websites will also
be prohibited if it violates Kazakh media law. Website owners can also face
criminal prosecution: in Kazakhstan, press offences are still punishable by
“The exceedingly general nature of these new grounds, combined with the
severe maximum penalties for media violating them – suspension or even
closure – would in practice allow for baseless repression of Internet
media,” said Adil Soz.
The legislation is now under the consideration of the President of
Kazakhstan, Nursultan Nazarbayev, who has the power to refuse to promulgate
On 26 June, 12 Kazakh free expression NGOs and mass media groups, including
Adil Soz, sent an appeal to Nazarbayev, pointing out that the contributions
of NGOs and media groups in preparation of draft of amendments were
In February the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE)
had provided the authorities with a legal review on how the draft could
comply with media freedom requirements, but like recommendations submitted
to the Senate by Kazakh free expression NGOs, it was not considered.
Kazakhstan is due to take over as OSCE chair in 2010. “Refusing to enact
this law will send a strong signal that the forthcoming OSCE Chairmanship
of Kazakhstan in 2010 intends to fully honour the country’s OSCE media
freedom commitments,” OCSE said in a letter to the President.