By Kelvin Bwalya Fube (KBF)
In the midst of the political confusion that has gripped our country many people are wondering if we have come to the end of Zambia.
The answer is simple: the thing called an “end” does not exist, not in relation to a country. Zambia will be there long after Edgar Lung is gone. What Lungu has done is to make us come to the realisation that ours is just another African country, not some exceptional country in the center of the African continent.
During the presidency of Levy Mwanawasa, some among us used to believe that Zambians were better than those from other African countries. We must all thank Lungu for revealing our true African character; that the idea of rule of law is not part of who we are, and that constitutionalism is a concept far ahead of us as a people.
How else are we to explain the thousands of people who flock to stadiums to clap hands for a president who has violated their country’s constitution? Such people have no idea of constitutionalism. Now that we have reclaimed our place as another African country, we must reflect on and come to terms with our real character, and imagine what our future portends.
In a typical African country, ordinary people don’t expect much of politicians, because people get tired of repeated empty promises. In a typical African country, people have no illusions about the unity of morality and governance. People know that those who have power have it for themselves and their friends and families.
The idea that the state is an instrument for people’s development is a Western concept, and has been copied by pockets of Asian countries. Africans and their leaders don’t like to copy from the West. They are happy to remain African, and do things “the African way”.
The African way is rule by kings, chiefs and indunas in a setting of unwritten rules. Is there anyone who has seen a book of African customary laws?
The idea that a commoner can raise questions about public money spent buying alcohol at State House is not African. The PF MPs who have been defending Lungu are true Africans.
Asking a ruler to be accountable is a foreign – Western – idea. In a situation where there is conflict between a ruler and laws, Africans simply change the laws to protect the ruler. The problem with clever blacks is that they think they live in Europe, where ideas of democracy have been refined over centuries.
What we need to do is to come back to reality, and accept that ours is a typical African country. Such a return to reality will give us afairly good idea of what Zambia’s future might look like…..This country will not look like Denmark. It might look like Nigeria, where anti-corruption crusaders are an oddity.
Being an African country, ours will not look like Germany. Zambia might look like Kenya, where tribalism drives politics. People must not entertain the illusion that a day is coming when Zambia will look like the US. Our future is more on the side of Zimbabwe, where one ruler is more powerful than the rest of the population.
African leaders don’t like the idea of an educated populace, for clever people are difficult to govern. Mwanawasa was corrupted by Western education. Lungu remains African. His mentality is in line with Boko Haram. He is suspicious of educated people; what he calls “clever blacks”. Remember that Boko Haram means “Against Western Education”.
The people who think we have come to the end of Zambia don’t realise that we have actually come to the beginning of a real African country, away from the Western illusions of exceptionalism. Those who are unsettled by this true African character need help. The best we can do for them is to ask them to look south of the Zambezi River, to learn more about governance in Africa.
What makes most people restless about the future of Zambia is that they have Western models in mind, forgetting that ours is an African country.
The idea that a president can resign simply because a court of law has delivered an adverse judgment is Western. Only the Prime Minister of Iceland does that; African rulers will never do that.
Analysed carefully, the notion of Zambia coming to an “end” is an expression of a Western value system – of accountability, political morality, reason, and so on. All these are lofty ideas of Socrates, Kant, Hegel, and so on.
They are not African. All of us must thank Edgar Lungu for introducing us to the real African Republic, not some outpost of European values.