ANTONIO MWANZA IS A MENTALLY SICK PERSON
On 30 May 2017, This is what Antonio Mwanza wrote and circulated to the country????. In this article he clearly stated that all UNZA problems stem from government’s poor and erratic funding of the University. Today, 18 January 2020, Antonio Mwanza has written another article in which he acquits government of all problems at UNZA. He puts all the blame on UNZA management claiming that government duly and fully funds UNZA. Why can’t Mr Mwanza just shut up for once?
Here are the two contradictory articles on the same topic by the same author:
UNZA RIOTS, GO-SLOWS, SYMPTOMATIC TO A FAILING EDUCATION SYSTEM
By Antonio Mwanza (30 -05- 17)
Having saved as UNZASU President, I had the honour and privilege to sit on the University Council which is the governing organ of the University of Zambia and I learnt first hand the problems and causes of the problems at UNZA, be it delayed disbursement of meal allowances, lecturer’s salaries, support staff, retirees’ benefits to the shortage of library space, lecture theatres and accommodation space for both students and lecturers.
The MAJOR cause of students’ unrest, industrial strife and the general decay in the quality of learning and teaching at UNZA is the perennial underfunding of the University in particular and the Ministry of Education in general by successive governments.
It is important to note that the University of Zambia was established as an oasis of the intelligentsia and a source of excellence; the university exists as a reservoir of learning, training and research aimed at providing Zambia with the much needed expert human resource which is key to human integration and national advancement in terms of social, economical and technological development.
The University of Zambia as a public institution, relies on the state coffers for funding. And the failure by successive governments to adequately fund the university has been the root of all the riots, vivas, go-slows, class boycotts and all other forms of protests which has heavily derailed students’ progress and contributed to the worsening braindrain.
The solution to the crises at UNZA is two-fold:
1. Government must priortise education and adequately fund UNZA and indeed all other public institutions.
2. UNZA must be run by ambitious, astute and smart managers and administrators and not hardcore academicians as the case is; UNZA needs a management that is shrewd enough to look outside the box and use the existing infrastructure, human resource, businesses, land and other capital assets to venture into productive businesses and deals that must help the institution raise excess revenue for it to operate smoothly.
If the status quo remains, then riots, go-slows and protests shall continue to be the order of the day at UNZA. And for those who don’t know, vivas are not caused by students but by Government and management’ s failure to respond to the needs of students. Vivas have always been used to attract the attention of Government and management and they have often worked. They might not be the best way of doing things but if you know how UNZA operates then you will know that vivas have actually produced results and have been the catalyst for alot of change at UNZA.
I wish to conclude by stating that closing UNZA or suspending UNZASU or its operations is not a solution because it does not change anything, infact it only exercebate the situation.
WHO IS RESPONSIBLE FOR PAYING SALARIES FOR UNZA LECTURERS?
By Antonio Mwanza (18 jan 2020)
Every time there is a salary delay at UNZA, everyone blames Government. But, is it the responsibility of thr Government to pay salaries to UNZA lecturers?
HERE ARE THE FACTS
The University of Zambia, just like any other university in Zambia is established by the Higher Education Authority Act.
According to the Act, it is the duty of the University Council and NOT Government to pay salaries and emoluments to all university employees, lecturers inclusive.
Government’s responsibility is to provide a grant to the university which is appropriated by Parliament. It is up to the University Council to decide how that grant must be used.
The Act clearly explains whose responsibility it is to fundraise and pay salaries to UNZA employees and i quote:
(1) The funds of a public higher education institution shall consist of such moneys as may— (a) be appropriated by Parliament for its purpose; (b) be paid to the public higher education institution by way of fees, subscriptions, contributions, grants or donations; and (c) otherwise vest in, or accrue to, the public higher education institution.
(2) A public higher education institution may, with the approval of the Minister, accept moneys by way of grants or donations from any source in or outside Zambia.
(3) A public higher education institution may borrow, by way of loan or otherwise, such sums as it may require for meeting its obligations and discharging its functions under this Act
(4) There shall be paid from the funds of a public higher education institution—(a) moneys necessary for the performance of its functions under this Act; (b) the salaries, allowances and loans for its employees.
(6) A public higher education institution may, with the approval of the Minister, invest in such manner as it may determine, any of its funds which it does not immediately require for the performance of its functions.”
THIS IS THE FINANCIAL SUPPORT GOVERNMENT HAS BEEN GIVING TO UNZA
1. Government gives UNZA K34 MILLION every month as a grant.
2. Government gives UNZA K12 MILLION every year for Research and Development.
3. Government gives UNZA K5 MILLION every year to pay retirees
4. Government has approved a loan of K200 MILLION for UNZA to clear all its retirees who retired from 2011 to 2017.
APART FROM GOVERNMENT FINANCING, WHAT OTHER FINANCIAL STREAMS DOES UNZA HAVE
UNZA has the largest number of students than any other higher learning institution in this country. Even when you remove the number of students on Government sponsorship, still the number of students on self sponsorship at UNZA far out-number the number of students at any other university or college in this country. Besides UNZA is amongst the most expensive schools in Zambia, meaning that UNZA is making a killing out of Tuition and Examinations Fees alone that they are charging students.
UNZA has largely three streams of students:
a) Regular students
b) Distance Students and
c) Parallel Students of course we may include the Part Time ones.
UNZA has land, farms, nurseries as well as human resource which it can use as sources of additional revenue.
How much is UNZA getting from Tuition and Examination Fees, East Park Mall, Liempe Farms, UNZA nursery, and all other farms and properties that it has?
I wont go into the details of how UNZA is being managed or is it mismanaged. For now i will end here.