By ALFRED A. K. NDHLOVU
The appointment of Dr. Guy Scott by president Sata when he formed his first cabinet in September, 2011 was received with mixed feelings by the Zambian people. Even Africa at large received the news of Zambia having a White man for vice president with disbelief.
One African called it a shame whereas the other one said Zambia had gone 200 years backward, to mention but two instances of comment from fellow Africans.
This article will show how I really agree with the sentiments coming from both at home and abroad, particularly Africa. A South African pal remarked to me, “Zambia taught us and supported us to fight colonialism and its offshoot of apartheid, why should it have a White man for vice president when its independence is hardly 50 years old? You people have embarrassed us. We cannot learn this bad lesson and example from you. South Africa will take a long time to have a White fellow for president, let alone vice or deputy president.”
The colonial administration of Northern Rhodesia, now Zambia, was headed by a Governor. There were cabinet ministers, provincial commissioners, district commissioners and district officers. The Colonial Office in London assisted to administer the colony since the administrative establishment was referred to as Her Majesty’s Government. The colonial government was unfriendly to the interests of Black people who were classified as Fourth Class Natives, after the Whites, Coloureds (mixed races) and Asians (including Arabs). Well educated Black people who occupied good jobs had it rough going to work in that hostile environment. Racial discrimination was rife, a rule rather than an exception. This was done to advance the cause of White superiority. Races lived secluded lives; toilets were separate; shops and butcheries had the dishonor of selling items to Black people through what First Republican president, Dr. Kenneth D. Kaunda, has described as “pigeon holes” in one of his writings. Can you imagine selling meat to a Black woman via a pigeon hole behind the butchery? The myth of White superiority is difficult to comprehend. I call it sadism. There were many White folks who enjoyed seeing people racially molested and more so calling them primitive natives or boys and girls regardless of age.
Education came to Africa in the hardest of ways. Initially, it was restricted to White children. A little progress was made when missionaries opened schools for Black children. Later, it was organized on racial lines where the best schools were for White children only. The other races had to fend for themselves! Ramshackle type of schools, some of which are still there today in rural areas, were predominantly for children of Black “natives”. The term, “Native” was the official designation of indigenous Black people and was actually derogatory. Even chiefs run what were called, “Native Authorities,” a kind of local government administration which catered for narrow tribal interests such as the Ngoni Native Authority, the Tonga Native Authority, the Bemba Native Authority and so on and so forth. It was very difficult for the colonial administration to run Northern Rhodesia in a racially balanced, fair and equitable manner because of severe prejudice against indigenous Black people.
Dr. Guy Scott is a descendant of those who found it hard and impossible to mix and live together with, say, president Sata’s father who was a cook of a White man, in harmony. Dr. Scott claims to have been born in Livingston of Northern Rhodesia. His father and mother came to then Northern Rhodesia as fortune seekers. The father was a businessman running several enterprises which were very strict in enforcing racial discrimination and justifying that separate development was by God’s design in promoting the cause of humanity on earth! The forerunner to the Zambia Daily Mail was a newspaper called the Central African Mail which was covering news of and for the Black people in compounds and villages. This enterprise was owned privately by Mr. Scott, senior. The Northern News, forerunner to the Times of Zambia was a White people’s newspaper. The so called natives could not be covered in any way in that newspaper except, perhaps, in a derogatory manner. Racial excesses had extreme impact on freedom fighters whose nationalization of such enterprises was influenced by the desire to correct the lopsided social order. Both the Central African Mail and Northern News were later nationalized. Unfortunately, the two newspapers could not be privatized since 1991 when regime change took place for the first time in Zambia.
When change of administration started to take place in 1962, Dr. K. D. Kaunda was minister of Local Government and Housing whereas his local political rival, Mr. Harry Mwaanga Nkumbula, became minister of the combined Ministry of Education. Before that, there was a Ministry of African Education with a Black man as minister. By January 1964, after a popular election, Dr. Kaunda became prime minister of Northern Rhodesia with a mandate to prepare the country for full, or total, independence on October 24, 1964 when Dr. Kaunda became first president of the new Republic of Zambia.
The story of vice president of the Republic of Zambia started with Mr. Reuben Chitandika Kamanga, son of an emergent farmer in Chipangali area of Chipata. He was one of the key players, a freedom fighter, in the decolonization and liberation process of the country. Both parents of Mr. Reuben Kamanga were “nzika za dziko lino,” meaning, “nationals of the country” where they lived. Mr. Kamanga fitted very well as vice president in all respects. Mr. Chitandika Kamanga, Reuben’s father, disliked which they sensed Dr. Kaunda would introduce after independence. There was talk amongst politicians of the days that the now defunct Union of Soviet Socialist Republics [USSR] had funded the United National Independence Party [UNIP] on condition that Zambia would be a socialist Republic outside the USSR. Mr. Reuben Kamanga, however, belonged to radical UNIP leaders who thought that independence was much more important than ideology. He made such significant contribution to the liberation of Zambia that one is tempted to suggest that the International Airport at Mfuwe in the Luangwa Valley should be named after him.
The second Zambian to be vice president of the Republic of Zambia was Mr. Simon Mwansa Kapwepwe. Mr Kapwepwe was a childhood friend of Dr. Kaunda’s. They grew up together at Chinsali. Mr. Kapwepwe’s father was a worker at the Boma (i.e. government offices). Dr. Kaunda’s father, David, was a Church worker, a trained evangelist, based at Lubwa Mission. After school the two men both ventured into the teaching profession until later when they got involved in the liberation struggle through the African National Congress and later UNIP where Dr. Kaunda became president by invitation from fellow freedom fighters. The invitation was followed by an election which Kaunda won by a landslide against an opponent who got only one vote, his own perhaps!
According to available evidence, both oral and written, Dr. Kaunda was built by Mr. Mathias Mainza Chona in Lusaka and from Southern Province, Mr. Alexander Gray Zulu in Kabwe from Eastern Province, Mr. Kapasa Makasa in Kasama of Northern Province and several others on the now Copperbelt Province. The Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland was in place at the time after having been arbitrarily imposed by the colonial administration in 1953. Northern Rhodesia, Southern Rhodesia and Nyasaland operated a Federal system which was headquartered in Salisbury [Harare]. A Federal prime minister was in charge of the three territories each of which had a Governor reporting to the Federal prime minister. Citizenship in the three territories was not a serious issue. Black people, or natives, freely moved and settled where they preferred taking into account prospects of attractive opportunities to prosper. It was most unfortunate that after independence in 1964, there was a lot of talk that Dr. Kaunda was a foreigner and unsuitable to be president of the Republic of Zambia. A group of Bemba speaking fellows propagated the alienation theory discreetly and effectively to have Kaunda replaced. Mr. Kapwepwe was implicitly behind the rumour as he aspired to replace Dr. Kaunda immediately. There is no evidence that he made a public announcement about his desire to become president. His followers have been busy all along until one has become president. There is an action of recognition of heroism in supporting this assumption.
When UNIP went to elections in 1967 at what is now called Mulungushi Rock of Authority north of Kabwe, Dr. Kaunda retained the presidency but Mr. Reuben Kamanga lost to Mr. Simon Kapwepwe. The consequence of the UNIP electoral result was for Kaunda to reshuffle the cabinet to comply with the party structure. Dr. Kaunda appointed his childhood friend vice president of the Republic of Zambia. This is what is called the concentration of power in one group of people which can enrich themselves and oppress others. This started the “bambazonke” attitude Bemba speaking people of Zambia which they still even hold today. It was reported that, in fact, Mr. Kapwepwe had remarked after the announcement that he had defeated Mr. Kamanga, “one step gone!” which was interpreted to mean that the next one to go after Mr. Kamanga was actually Dr. Kaunda. Tension was created by that change. Mr. Kapwepwe later resigned from the vice presidencies of both UNIP and Government of the Republic of Zambia, claiming, “…my tribes’ people are being molested because of me…” He immediately formed the United Progressive Party, UPP, which was soon proscribed by Dr. Kaunda and all predominantly Bemba speaking leaders were detained.
UNIP decided to do away with the position of vice president in the party as well as Government. As the one party state dawned, the secretary-general of UNIP became effectively number two to the president followed by the prime minister who headed government and secretary of state for security. Messrs M. M. Chona and A. G. Zulu alternated serving as secretary-generals of UNIP during the 18 years of the one-party participatory democracy. Messrs. M. M. Chona, E. H. K. Mudenda, D. Lisulo, N. Mundia, K. Musokotwane and M. Masheke alternated serving as prime ministers of Zambia during the years of the one-party state. The position of secretary of state for security was occupied by Messrs. A. G. Zulu and A. Shapi.
The MMD revived the position of vice president from the foregoing uncertain and acrimonious background alluded to above. The initial national executive committee of the Movement for Multi-party Democracy [MMD] had a vice president who was elected together with Mr. Frederick Jacob Titus Chiluba in early 1991 after the movement was designated as a substantive political party and registered accordingly.
Let me digress a bit here. The Kaunda team of national leaders consisted largely of freedom fighters with unquestionable credentials and integrity to provide leadership. They knew and understood this country very well. They came from a diverse background ethnically but their desire to create and breed “One Zambia, One Nation” was at the core of emerging and desirable nationalism. Tribalism is a scourge anywhere in the world today. Even Europe has had a share of problems associated with tribalism. In Africa, some tribes appear to be ahead of others whereas yet others are looked down upon as perhaps primitive or condemned, for lack of a better term, “shallow” life. Even in Asia and Eastern Europe scars of tribalism are visible to a keen eye. Even the use of language sometimes makes those whose language is in use boast of perceived victory. The Bemba speakers in Zambia appear to have that assertion. Other tribes like the Ngoni people in Zambia have lost a language, but their existence as a tribe is eternal. The system of their administration has kept them together for a century or two! The biggest danger which tribalism poses is the dreaded “ethnic cleansing” perpetrated by those who are literally rabid about self identity. The quarrels between the Hutus and Tutsis in Rwanda, which led to genocide in 1994, were largely a product of “ethnic cleansing”. End of digression.
Dr. F.J.T. Chiluba formed a well balanced cabinet and government after the November 1991 elections which included a few White people and Asians. It took him several weeks to appoint his vice president. He widely consulted. Finally, he settled on the Ndola lawyer, Mr. Levy Patrick Mwanawasa, who was actually his vice president in the MMD party. Why did it take him so long to appoint his deputy and leader of government business in Parliament? The scientific answer is that these people did not know one another very well to inspire confidence and trust in running government with its graded secrets! The MMD started in June/July 1990 to agitate for plurality in politics after the demise of the USSR in Eastern Europe. By December 1990, Dr. Kaunda conceded to multi-party politics and legislated accordingly. In January 1991, the MMD was registered. Soon after, a First Convention of the MMD was held and party leaders were elected, with Mr. F. J. T. Chiluba as president. The campaigns for elections in October/November 1991 started countrywide. That was a period of hardly two years which was not long enough for people from different backgrounds to know one another very well. The Kaunda team was together from around 1953 to 1964 [at least 11 years]. Mr. Mwanawasa took the vice presidency with what I may term a “grudge”. Mr. Mwanawasa found it proper and expedient to resign from the vice presidency several years later on very flimsy reasons. He explained that he had to resign because Dr. Chiluba condoned and tolerated corruption. He said that Mr. Sata, who was a cabinet minister, committed an offence, an act of corruption, for which he was supposed to be “disciplined”, but Dr. Chiluba excused him because they spoke the same local language!
Mr. Chiluba replaced Mr. Mwanawasa with Brig-Gen. Godfrey Miyanda (Rtd.). Gen. Miyanda was the MMD’s national secretary at the time hen was appointed vice president. He served as vice president diligently. He was succeeded by the late Lt-Gen. Christone Tembo (Rtd.) as vice president. He, too, discharged himself remarkably well as vice president of the Republic. Lt.-Gen. Tembo resigned or sacked as party of rebel ministers who opposed Chiluba’s ill-fated 3rd Term bid.
The 3rd Term debate was very acrimonious. I participated in the debate and came out bruised. I had told the president at State House that the 3rd Term bid was not viable.
I said to him,
“Mr. President, the bid for you to go for a 3rd Term is not going to be successful. The literacy levels in our country today are quite high. The laws were just enacted to consolidate the gains made to make the Republic a viable democracy. If we start with you to change laws, democracy will be jeopardized even in the future. I was expecting, Mr. President, that you had already worked on your “transitional arrangements” in advance so as to be able pass through this critical phase smoothly. My proposal is that you should stand down as MMD president at the forthcoming 3rd National Convention of the party.”
Dr. Chiluba responded,
“Member of Parliament, Ndhlovu, I have information that the MMD members do not want change of leadership this year. My transitional arrangements have been undermined fatally. Mr. Mwanawasa resigned on the flimsiest of reasons. Your two brothers who have served as my vice president have local issues of identity and belonging. These are challenges. The option is now to go in the 3rd Term and resolve those issues later. Mr. Paul Tembo is organizing a television debate just now. You should be part of the team to debate this matter on our party side. I prefer that a decision for such a demand is taken to a plebiscite. The people must speak,”
The debate took place on ZNBC Television. The MMD 3RD National Convention was convened in April 2001at Mulugushi Rock of Authority, Kabwe. The MMD was divided. Rebel ministers and other leaders were expelled from the party and fired from government positions. Two political parties emerged, Forum for Development and Democracy led by Gen. Tembo and Heritage Party led by Brig. Gen. Miyanda. The MMD significantly changed. My question is, were the two military Generals sons of alien parents? I believe that the individuals concerned were supposed to account for themselves accordingly. It appears that we, indigenous people in this country, have a tendency to alienate those who are elected or chosen to lead in order to serve the same people. Why is this so really?
The 3rd National Convention retained Dr. Chiluba as president unopposed. Mr. Paul Tembo lost the vice presidency to Mr. Enock Percy Kavindele who was later appointed Republican vice president to replace Lt.-Gen. Tembo. Mr. Paul Tembo who was the architect of the 3rd Term bid contested the vice presidency against good advice from colleagues who said that circumstances persuaded Dr. Chiluba to have a vice president who was already an MP or eligible for nomination as MP. Mr. Paul Tembo had lost a Parliamentary seat, effectively disqualifying him for the vice president position!
Dr. Chiluba back-pedalled on his 3rd Term bid sometime in July 2001 when opposition to the bid mounted. The country boiled inn the belly and violence was imminent. Even with limited choice of successor, he settled for his first man to be vice president in 1991 to succeed him. I am not privy to what happened at State House when an MMD conclave, NEC, elected Mr. Mwanawasa as presidential candidate in the tripartite elections scheduled to be held by December 31, 2001. The choice of Mr. Mwanawasa was received with a lot of mixed feelings across the country and MMD circles. He was literally an “unknown” political quantity and appeared to have been in poor health! He had been involved in a fatal road traffic accident on the Airport road when he was vice president, allegedly because he had scaled down on his normal security detail and arrangements unilaterally and against Zambia Police practices for VIP movement. Secondly, he had a history of prostate cancer which was treated in the Republic of South Africa. He earned himself a political nickname of Mr. Cabbage who would not make a good Republican president for Zambia. He had lapses in memory and his speech was blurred. The MMD campaign machinery was very strong, vibrant and effective to propel the Cabbage into office with least majority in Zambia’s elections history. He got 29%. His nearest rival, Mr. Anderson Kambela Mazoka, marshaled 28%. It was a very controversial result with accusations of rigging rife. The loser petitioned the results but lost.
On the date Dr. Chiluba announced Mr. Mwanawasa as presidential candidate for the MMD in the elections slated for December 27, 2001, Mr. Michael C. Sata resigned from the MMD where he was national secretary and minister without portfolio to form his own political party, the Patriotic Front. He declared that he wanted to campaign for himself instead of others like he had done before. He appeared to have had a very low opinion of the man who was to become the Third Republican president of Zambia. On the other hand Mr. Mwanawasa had also a low opinion on account of low education, temperament and orientation to graft. Mr. Mwanawasa often referred to Mr. Sata as a buffoon!
During the first term of office, 2002-2006, Mr. Mwanawasa had Mr. Enock P. Kavindele as vice president to start with. It was a continuation of Dr. Chiluba’s recent choice. Mr. Kavindele, a North-westerner and business man , was also the elected vice president of the MMD elected together with Dr. Chiluba in April, 2001 at Mulungushi Rock of Authority in Kabwe. This combination of the two men unsettled tribal gurus from the East and North of Zambia who felt isolated and marginalized. It was reported. It was rumoured that one such tribal guru one day walked into State House without appointment and told president Mwanawasa to appoint someone either from the East or North to replace Mr. Kavindele immediately.
My source confided in me, “…the guy just walked in and told the president not to be surprised that he came without appointment and went on to say that the two of you cannot lord it over us. You appointed the vice president, so disappoint him to facilitate appointment of someone from either Eastern Province or Northern Province. Do this as quickly as possible or else!” Mr. Mwanawasa later followed this instruction or advice religiously and quickly. He consequently nominated Television Evangelist cum politician, Dr. Nevers Sekwila Mumba, to Parliament and immediately appointed him vice president amidst controversy. Dr. Mumba had lost a presidential election, thus ineligible to be nominated as Member of Parliament! Dr. Mumba hails from Chinsali district of Northern Province. His roots there, however, appear to be weak. He probably did not account himself properly in the area to counted as “one of us”. Dr. Mumba had stood for election as Republican president and his desire to ascend to the saddle was apparent. He counted the appointment as a first step in the right direction. Bishops, pastors or simply the Clergy are “loners” behind God as their principal advisor. They can hardly fit in government or political parties where the repository of political power is the people who elect leaders. God is invisible but the people are visible in a trail of tribulations which leaders are expected to address in order ameliorate them. Cynics argued that Dr. Mumba thought that Mr. Mwanawasa would die soon to allow him become substantive president sooner rather than later! Dr. Mumba’s vice president was short-lived by a diplomatic tiff on the Copperbelt with Congo DR which prompted Mr. Mwanawasa to drop him.
Mr. Mwanawasa appointed Mr. Lupando Katoloshi Mwape who was at the time deputy minister in government and hailed from Kasama in Northern Province. Mr. Mwape served as cabinet minister in the Chiluba administration up to 2001. He, however, must have satisfied the anxieties of the tribal gurus. In a job which is largely ceremonial and auxiliary to the president’s role, it is hard to measure one’s contribution precisely. Suffice to say that the position and role answers the question of belonging and being closer to power and authority so that the kith and kin can say, “we are together,” meaning locally, “tuli bonse“ or “tikudya nawo” meaning, “we eat together”. This is very important in Africa generally and Zambia in particular. The “vice presidency,” means “easy access to resources by the people of his area of origin.”
Vice president Mwape lost the tripartite elections of 2006 in his constituency in Kasama. It was a very surprising election result to deny “one of them” who was already in high office in preference to a “nobody” who could not even be appointed to that high office immediately. A Ngoni fellow, tribal cousin of the Bemba, cynically remarked, “…it is a choice between mice and monkey meat..!” The active political career of Mr. Lupando Mwape abruptly and sadly ended.
After Mr. Mwanawasa sailed through the 2006 tripartite elections with increased majority of 42%, it was time for jubilation and excitement. The major challenger to Mr. Mwanawasa, Mr. A. K. Mazoka, died earlier in the year after a short illness. The main opposition political party was weakened by both the death of the leader and the outcome of a succession election where a complete new comer to Zambian politics took over amid demands for another or fellow Tonga to succeed late Mr. Mazoka. As a political novice, Mr. Hakainde Hichilema was duped into believing that he would command the same popularity like late Mazoka did in 2001. HH was better known in Southern, Lusaka and Central Provinces which was why UPND lost everywhere except SP! Mr. Hichilema has to struggle to build himself up politically, a very long and strenuous exercise to do unless he demystifies the demand for a “Tonga for president”. He also needs nationalist credentials more than just marrying across tribe. The “tigwirizane” or “tubombele pamo” meaning, “let us work together” slogan is very essential for a politician in a tribal society which Zambia is today. Tribalism actually will not end in the face of the existence of tribes anywhere.
After losing Mr. Lupando Mwape in a humiliating political manner, Mr. Mwanawasa looked to the East for his vice president. After consultations, he settled for Mr. Rupiah Bwezani Banda from Chiparamba, Chipata. Mr. Banda was a retired diplonmat, politician, businessman and above all a Freedom Fighter in the wings of liberation luminaries such as Mr. R. C. Kamanga, Mr. A. G. Zulu and capitalists like Mr. Zilole Mawere, one of those who financially sponsored the liberation struggle at home. Nationally, Mr. R. B. Banda belongs to former young politicians of the Kaunda era, the generation of Mr. V. J. Mwaanga and Mr. A. B. Chikwanda to mention but two only. Mr. Mwaanga and Mr. Chikwanda associated themselves with the MMD very early in the 1990’s. Mr. Rupiah Banda did not do so, remained in UNIP, until after the appointment as vice president in September 2006. It was a surprise to others, but not so to yet others who looked at him as adding maturity to the vice presidency of the Republic. He did not show any signs of aspiration to succeed his younger boss. He was apparently contented to serve the Zambian people through his young boss who was similarly thrown into the fray of Zambian politics by Dr. F. J. T Chiluba.
The sudden demise of Dr. Levy P. Mwanawasa in August 2008 changed the face of the ruling party, the MMD, and Zambian politics in general. The weakness of a human body dictates how long life can go. Dr. Mwanawasa had an unfair share of battles with his body. Dr. Mwanawasa had scars on his body which were evidence that even earlier in life he may have had severe battles on his body. As I have alluded to earlier, he was involved in a road traffic accident when he was vice president which almost claimed his life. He survived in circumstances which others described as “miraculous”. After resigning from the position of vice president, Dr. Mwanawasa battled with prostate cancer, thanks to Dr. Frederick Chiluba who facilitated his evacuation for treatment in RSA. He again survived the biological ordeal. He suffered a stroke when he was president. He was evacuated to Britain where he was treated and survived again. A story in the Zambian corridors of power stated that British doctors advised and recommended to Dr. Mwanawasa to set aside the job of president in order to buy a little more time to live longer. It was said that he chose to die as president instead of living as a commoner! A hard choice, you may say, but it is the reality in the affairs of human beings. We all choose the best, given an opportunity! It was thus not very surprising when Zambians heard that the president collapsed and went into irreversible unconsciousness during the African Union Summit in Egypt. He was evacuated to Percy Military Hospital in France where later doctors certified him dead. Both the Egyptian and French Governments deserve eternal gratitude from the Zambian people for having treated the late Zambian president very well indeed which, perhaps, confirmed the wish that it was better to die as president instead of otherwise.
In a presidential by-election which was held within the constitutional ninety (90) days period, Mr. R. B. Banda was adopted by the MMD to stand as presidential candidate on its ticket. He was constitutionally Acting Republican President of Zambia. The ruling party’s, MMD’s, national executive committee, popularly known by its acronym NEC, held an open and transparent presidential party by-election in the new wing of the Mulungushi International Conference Centre in Lusaka where several aspirants stood to contest. Mr. Banda emerged winner by 42:12:1. This is what consolidated his progress to win the by-election later.
Mr. Banda’s victory in the national presidential by-election contested by several others is attributed to the MMD campaign machinery and strategy which have usually focused on mobilizing people to vote. The MMD believes in persuasion. It scatters campaigners everywhere to make everyone believe that the party is with them. The MMD is not a violent political party. It is not weak to defend itself in case of attacks or provocation. It is also not a coward. Suffice to say that as a party which introduced multi-party politics in Zambia, it is still convinced that every Zambian has a view, opinion and a choice to make which is why the people must speak with the physically harmless ballot papers, the votes which speak louder and ultimately devastate the losers!
I must submit that the myth of rigging elections has lived in Zambia since 1962 when indigenous Zambians started participating in elections. The myth of rigging is actually what I may term the losers’ solace. It perhaps makes losers believe in themselves wrongly. Anybody can lose an election. More people lose elections than those who win. I believe that inadvertent and minor mistakes and errors are made during any election, but such cannot substantially invalidate nor alter the final result. This is why the burden of proof is on the petitioner/plaintiff or accuser.
The practices of spending money on campaigners and distributing what are called campaign materials are not unique to Zambia. The Laws of Zambia and the Electoral Code of Conduct cater for how these should be done. It is important to stress that voters are fundamentally influenced by what candidates and campaigners say and do, promise to do and how development will reach the people as individuals. This is what the so called campaign materials cannot do. The 2008 presidential by-election was won by the MMD to allow Mr. Banda complete the remaining term of presidential office. Many Zambians knew that change at that time would have brought confusion and chaos. The presidential by-election was not rigged.
When Mr. Banda was inaugurated as 4th president of the Republican of Zambia, his tone of governance was continuity, reconciliation and national unity. The adjustments which he made to his cabinet and government reflected that tone. He appointed Mr. George Kunda SC to combine the roles of Ministry of Justice and that of vice president. Rt. Hon. George Kunda had been in government since 2002 at the invitation of late president Mwanawasa. He was formerly president of the Law Association of Zambia [LAZ]. He practiced law in Ndola in partnership with his wife, Ireen, and others. He was a successful legal practitioner who was contented with the law market and its challenges. His joining politics and government was actually responding responsibly to the call of national duty. He subordinated president Banda very well in order to advance the causes of continuity, reconciliation and national unity. Most criticism which Rt. Hon. Kunda stormed through stemmed from petty jealousies especially by and from sadistic Zambians who hate success and regard it as a product of theft! In other words, the lazy bones that regard success as being synonymous with corruption and graft usually attack innocent people. It was most unfortunate that most such people would emerge later as winners to govern the country on that premises that success must always be suspected and investigated, perhaps because of the belief that Black people, i.e. indigenous Zambians, are inherently custodians of poverty and that anything they own and have must have been stolen from government or elsewhere. This belief will destroy Zambia which is growing a free enterprise system. It also breeds poverty such that instead of sharing wealth, Zambians will largely share poverty and misery. Zambians cannot be rich through nationalization. It is individual (private) initiative that breeds wealth and make people prosper.
Mr. Banda continued with the same leaders left behind by his predecessor. He was, however, unable to change most of them to have a vision of reconciliation and national unity as bedrock of creating a free market economy which would generate sufficient wealth for the Zambian people to share in an unfettered manner. There are many Zambians who thought that his final thrust, 2011-2016, would be the spring board on which to launch sustainable prosperity instead of promising to put more money into poor people’s pockets which is an illusion which unfortunately gullible Zambians will have to live with for some time, especially when the false messiahs turn back and start abolishing the so called “user fees” in hospitals and schools instead of putting money into the people’s pockets for them to be able to afford paying “user fees” and other things such as taking tours at home and abroad.
Mr. Banda’s reconciliation started with putting a stop to legally harassing 2nd Republican president, Dr. Frederick Chiluba who went through hell for seven years after leaving office. I was very baffled by apparent hate which the Mwanawasa family and his clique of pedestrian politicians exhibited to Dr. Chiluba who had facilitated the rise of Mwanawasa to power. Suffice to say that human beings hate paradise but love and adore hell. Mr. Banda did not pardon Dr. Chiluba from the blues. He obliged with a court decision which did not find him guilty. President Banda only decline to appeal to a higher to save costs on all sides. This was neither illegal nor strange in legal circles. There are many cases which have ended at lower courts in this country depending on circumstances after all appeal is not compulsory. It is optional. Amazingly, the people of Luapula Province where Dr. Chiluba hailed from did not interpret president Banda’s relief from tribulations on “one of them” as good news. The 2nd Republican president died in mysterious circumstances when his wife was not at home. There was neither postmortem conducted nor a commission of inquiry set up! It is an accepted tradition and practice worldwide that the death of a head of state, sovereign, or former head of state should be explained thoroughly so that the people s/he he led know the cause of death. The assertion that family members refused postmortem only heightens the suspicion and conclusion that he may have been poisoned. A head of state or former head of state belongs to the state, not family as such. Zambians must learn from the deaths of the two former Republican presidents. Suffice to say that the deaths of the three remaining must be documented properly backed with professional knowledge, skills and competence to make Zambian people know why and how they died. This is very important.
On September 20, 2011, Zambians voted overwhelmingly for many political parties, the big three being PF, MMD and UPND. The Patriotic Front which had been in the opposition since July 2001 won the presidency, more Members of Parliament and more Councillors in Local Councils. The MMD won 55 Parliamentary seats and more seats on Councils. The UPND won 28 Parliamentary seats and some seats on Councils. The PF win was not a landslide majority since the combined opposition seats were 83. The MMD lost one seat in Chongwe Constituency soon after the results were announced where its elected MP resigned on very flimsy grounds even before going to Parliament. He was most likely threatened into submission by the PF leadership which offered him a pending alternative appointment elsewhere in the foreign diplomatic service.
The profile later altered when two Constituencies rescheduled elections were held together with the by-election in Chongwe Constituency. The MMD did not re-contest the Chongwe Constituency seat as it felt let down by the young man who had resigned after a short while on grounds that were nebulous and predicated on threats of violence from the PF in government to create the by-election. The MMD has 54 seats and UPND 29 seats after the by-election and others. This means that the opposition still has a combined total of 83 Parliamentary seats, 4 seats more than 79, which is half of 158 seats (including 8 nominated MP’s by the ruling party). PF majority is less than 75 seats. The campaign to work with the opposition through appointment of MMD MP’s only to government junior positions and creating by-elections will be very expensive for the nation to stomach, especially with the desire to put money in people’s pockets sooner rather than later. In any modern democracy, the custodian of the multi-party democratic process is the opposition in its totality. The MMD lost the 2011 tripartite elections nearly three times better than UNIP did in 1991. It is a strong political party. It will undoubtedly provide the proverbial “checks and balances” far much better than UNIP had done in the 1991-1996 period. The PF appears to be still unsettled. In fact it has already been hijacked by chance seekers and opportunists who always ride on the backs of others to get to greener pastures.
Political rhetoric by both president and minister of finance is old fashioned, outdated and empty. A phrase such as “pro-poor” cannot inspire investment. It encourages laziness. It tells citizens that government will provide free things! Catholic Clergy, for instance, take vows of “chastity and poverty” but their lives are managed in such a way that their poverty is not conspicuous. Telecel was sold to MTN, BP Zambia was sold to Puma and Zain was sold to Airtel without noise of claims of corruption and plunder. There is everything wrong at Zamtel and ZANACO! Why? Nationalization deprives government of credible sources of tax, essential revenue since they have a tendency to beg from shareholders when they are in financial crises. Private companies look for money on their own and generate resources internally. Much more they pay taxes on time. What has happened at Zamtel and ZANACO can only be described as disabling private enterprise.
During the campaign prior to September 20, 2011, Paramount Chief of the Bemba, Mwine Lubemba Chitimukulu, asked the PF campaigners the position in the party of Dr. Guy Scott vis-à-vis succession. Would he continue to deputize Mr. Michael Sata with a view to be president of the Republic of Zambia in the manner Mr. Rupiah Banda succeeded late president Mwanawasa? I repeat to emphasize the point, would Dr. Guy Scott be vice president in the PF government and can he succeed Mr. Michael C. Sata in the event of death in the manner Mr. Rupiah Banda succeeded late president Mwanawasa? Mr. Sata and his fellow campaigners put their tongues in the cheeks and pretended to show that Mwine Lubemba was perhaps crazy.
There are more reasons than one why Mwine Lubemba asked those questions. First and foremost he cares for his own. White men are alien to Africa just as Black men are alien in Europe. Both are free to settle where they prefer, but not offering to lead the others at sovereign levels, president or vice. NOT AT ALL!!!
White people were involved in trafficking Black people (children, women and men) as slaves for ages. They colonized Africa and discriminated against Black people in the most savage ways imaginable. Black Africa has struggled for freedom from White rule from 1911, when Mr. Dube formed the African National Congress of South Africa, a first Black man’s political party in Africa, to 1994 when Mr. Nelson Mandela presided over the dismantling of apartheid in the Republic of South Africa. From 1994 onwards Africa is going through a process of healing from the diseases of slavery, colonialism, imperialism and apartheid. This healing process will take very long, not less than 100 years to heal completely. In these circumstances, how does Dr. Guy Scott become vice president of a country that struggled and sacrificed so much to liberate the continent of Africa? Mr. Sata is either not a freedom fighter or he does not understand the dynamics of liberation of Black people anywhere in the world today.
Zambia was an island of freedom in a jungle of Portuguese, British, White Supremacists and others who had no respect for Black people. Dr. Guy Scott belongs to and is a descendant of this vermin of human beings. He was a privileged White kid from the day he was born in a European hospital up to 1964. Dr. Guy Scott does not know what it is to Black. He does not know racial discrimination perpetrated on Blacks as perceived sub-humans. This makes him know very little, if any at all, of what it is to be Black! He cannot know Black people by pleading that he, perhaps, fostered several Black children or being a friend to a dozen Black people. A Black person knows who s/he is, just as a White fellow does. I am not a racist. Racists are those whose ancestors and parents were involved in slavery, colonialism, imperialism and apartheid. No Black person can be accused of being a perpetrator of such vices and evils in Africa today. I am a reconciliatory of racial diversity. As a reconciliatory, I want all races to be in stronger and equal positions before racial reconciliation can take place. It is for this reason that I think that Dr. Guy is ineligible to be vice president of the Republic of Zambia and he knows this himself very well because he reads the history of Africa and its Black people.
Dr. Scott cannot be come an African by just being born at Livingston in colonial Northern Rhodesia. He is a Scotsman and British. The Queen of the United Kingdom can even honour him at any time. There are many Zambians who were born outside this country. The line of parentage defines where one belongs in terms of citizenship. This is why it was argued and agreed that as a constitutional legal requirement, a president of Zambia must have “both parents Zambian by birth.”
Can Dr. Scott escape the assertion that he is a British stooge? Can he not spy for the British Government? Former colonizers left behind their kith and kin to spy on those new nations.
A BBC poll on the Guy Scott vice presidency in Zambia concluded that president Sata made a mistake to appoint a White man to that revered position. A mistake needs to be corrected sooner rather than later. It is said that Zambia has spoiled its anti-colonialism, anti-apartheid, anti-imperialism, anti-slavery and anti-racial discrimination record and driving the Republic 200 years backwards! President Sata acknowledges this by appointing relative, Mr. A. B. Chikwanda, to act as president when he goes away. Many Zambians and I are very uncomfortable with president Sata’s behavior in this regard.
I do not hate Dr. Scott. I have known him for some time now. It has not dawned on my mind that the guy could be appointed vice president of the Republic which is a seat next to the Republican president with a constitutional mandate to take over in the event of death or otherwise of the incumbent like it happened with Mr. Banda in 2008. Luckily Mr. R. B. Banda is a Black man with a flat nose.
I fully endorse and support former vice president George Kunda’s threat to petition in order to rectify the position. I urge him to go ahead to petition/sue in a court of law.
Two people have been used in pro-government media to say that those of us who oppose the vice presidency of Dr. Guy Scott are racists. These are Dr. Rodger Chongwe from Chief Kapatamoyo in Chipata and Bishop John Mambo from the eastern part of Lusaka Province. Both these two old men do not understand what racism is all about. They confine their understanding of race to the colour of the skin. The colour of a human being’s is not offensive. What is offensive is what a cruel person does to a fellow human being with a darker colour of skin. Prejudice against Black people such as Negroes, Aborigines, Masai and many more is what we call racism. Dr. Rodger Chongwe is married to a White Australian woman. This is a veritable marriage which must give him a fairly good understanding of the dynamics of racism. Dr. Chongwe’s other country is not a Republic. It is a British Dominion. It is possible for him to aspire to be prime minster of Australia if he has the ambition and guts to do so. The current prime minister of Australia, for instance, was born outside. She migrated there sometime back. On the contrary, Zambia is a Republic like the United States of America, the Republic of India and the Republic of South Africa all of which have restrictions on who qualifies to be president or prime minster in the case of India. It is most unfortunate that Dr. Chongwe is mixed up in the two political cultures even when they are not difficult to understand and appreciate.
As for Bishop John Mambo, retired Clergyman, he simply does not understand his own country. Zambia is not for auction or sale to the highest bidder in terms of leadership. We have not and cannot run short of Black people to lead us. We cannot import leaders. We cannot share to lead this country with those with a record of inflicting atrocities on Zambian people. We can only forgive, but never ever forget. There is no White fellow, including White Catholic priests, who can stand up and claim that s/he stood behind or abreast with Black politicians to fight for Zambia’s freedom and independence which is the key to the elimination of racial discrimination in Zambia. I urge Bishop Mambo to come to terms with the reality that Zambia belongs to women and men whose minds and hearts are here all the time. Even Jesus had Nazareth as his home.
Finally, but by no means the least, I urge president Sata to come to terms with the reality of the Republic of Zambia’s nationalist position to reconsider the shame of having Dr. Guy Scott as vice president of Zambia. Party vice presidents in this country are not running mates of their presidential candidates, so the job to disappoint is much easier than it would have been if Michael and Guy were running mates on September 20 2011!
I end by greeting my readers with a pledge, “the struggle continues”!