Zambia improves in ranking on the Global Peace Index

Zambia has moved seven places on the global peace ranking in 2010.
And Zambia has been ranked the fifth most peaceful country in Africa gaining from the sixth position in 2009.
The index ranks countries based on 23 peace indicators and was launched in 2007 and surveyed 149 countries.
In 2009, Zambia was ranked 58th most peaceful country in the world.
This year, Zambia is on the same rank with Malawi but is beaten by Botswana, Mozambique, Ghana and Egypt.
New Zealand retained its position as the most peaceful country followed by Iceland, Japan, Austria and Norway. Pakistan, Sudan, Afghanistan and Somalia are some of the least peaceful countries, with Iraq being labelled as the least peaceful country. The report states that Sub-Saharan Africa is the region least at peace.
The United States came in at 85th in the world and Russia at 143rd while China came out 80th.
Some of the 23 peace indicators that are used include the perceived criminality in the society, political instability, jailed population, access to weapons, violent demonstrations, military expenditure, military capability, neighbouring country relations and weapons imports and exports.
The index also indicated that the world has become less peaceful for the second consecutive year. Data showed an intensification of conflicts and growing instability linked to the downturn that began in 2009 while several countries have seen sharp increases in violent crimes.
They include the levels of violence, organised crime and military expenditure within a country.
The Index has the backing of an influential and distinguished group of supporters including Archbishop Desmond Tutu of South Africa, Nobel Laureate the Dalai Lama, Her Majesty Queen Noor of Jordan, former US President Jimmy Carter and former Senior Vice President and Chief Economist of the World Bank, Professor Joseph Stiglitz.
It was the fourth edition of the Global Peace Index (GPI).
It has been expanded to rank 149 independent states and updated with the latest available figures and information for 2008-09.
The indicators were selected by an international panel of academics, business people, philanthropists and members of peace institutions.
The GPI was founded by Steve Killelea, an Australian international technology entrepreneur and philanthropist.
It forms part of the Institute for Economics and Peace, a new global think tank dedicated to the research and education of the relationship between economic development, business and peace. The GPI is collated and calculated by the Economist Intelligence Unit, with whom this report is written in co-operation.

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